Articoli

Risk of nonvertebral fractures among elderly postmenopausal women using antidepressants.

Rabenda V, Bruyère O, Reginster JY.

 

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between antidepressants, including TCAs, SSRIs, and miscellaneous antidepressants and the risk of nonvertebral fractures among women with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a post-hoc analysis of pooled data from two international, phase III, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies (the Spinal Osteoporosis Therapeutic Intervention [SOTI] and TReatment Of Peripheral OSteoporosis [TROPOS]). A nested case-control study was performed in the placebo treated population. Adjusted logistic regression models were used to estimate the risk of nonvertebral fracture associated with the use of antidepressants. RESULTS: After 3years of follow-up, 391 nonvertebral fractures cases were identified and matched to 1955 controls. Compared with non-users of antidepressants, antidepressants use was associated with an increased risk of nonvertebral fractures (adjusted OR=1.64; 95%CI, 1.03-2.62]). Particularly, there was a 2-fold risk increase (95%CI, 1.07-3.79) of nonvertebral fracture for current users of SSRIs and a 2.1-fold risk increase for subjects who were current users of TCAs (95%CI, 1.02-4.30). Among patients categorized as recent or past users, none of the classes of antidepressants were statistically associated with increased risk of nonvertebral fracture. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that both SSRIs and TCAs increase the risk of

nonvertebral fracture in current users.